Country Profile: Brazil


Brazil is one of the most unequal nations in the world, although it is one of the wealthiest. Brazil is the largest country in Latin America. It is the 5th largest country in the world with about 195 million inhabitants which is just smaller than Canada, Russia, US and China. Besides, Brazil is the 7th largest economy and it is one of the BRIC countries at a newly advanced economic development stage. Also, the World Bank ranks the Brazilian economy among the 10 richest in the world. However, the income inequality and poverty rate still remains high although the government has put great effort to solve the problem.

Political history

After a long period of military dictatorship, Brazil returned to democracy. From 1889 to 1930, the government was a constitutional republic, with the presidency alternating between the dominant states of Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais. This period ended with a military coup that placed Getulio Vargas, a civilian, in the presidency; Vargas remained as dictator until 1945. Today, Brazil is one of the most democratic nations in the world. Brazil held its sixth consecutive presidential and general elections since the reinstatement of democracy in 1985.

Women current situation

Gender inequality reduced but still persists in Brazil. Many women in Brazil have accessed to quality education. Brazilian women are generally more educated, having higher years of schooling than men. However, they turn to prostitution or low paying, obtuse work to support themselves and their families. These girls have had few positive female role models in their lives to show them that there is more out there than marriage and bearing children. Entirely too many woman of Brazil depend on men to support them. Too often women are left alone because her husband abandons her or he dies. These women are often unprepared to feed their children and care for their home.

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