China Analysis

Relation between jobs and education in China

China is a huge country in the world and with 1.3billian population, it may easy to cause a problem of widening gap between urban and rural area. Actually, the quality of life, infrastructures, income and policy system in urban area is better than rural. Usually, people who live in urban area are almost well educated and the jobs opportunities in city are much more, it convinces people to get a job with high education background and it provides a tight linking between jobs and education. On the other hand, the linking between jobs and education in rural area is low, even people in rural area with high education level, they cannot find a job easily within the rural area; jobs in rural area are mostly farmer and fish man. Sometimes, people who live in rural area may move out to city to get a job.


Low job participation of women in rural area

Participation of jobs of women in rural area is certainly lower than women who live in urban area. As we mentioned in the description part, people in rural areas focus on their son rather daughter as male can do more physical or manual work than female, this led the low participation of women in rural area. For lacking opportunities of right, the Chinese movie-Blind Mountain(2007)directed by Li Yang, points out social problems- selling women for marriage in rural area of China. As selling women for marriage is still common in rural area, which reflect women have no power for making a decision even the most important for their life- marriage. Women in rural area are despoiling by the traditional expectation and social norms.

In addition, women have no opportunities to fight for their right-especially in job. We can see that illegal marriage in the movie, those brides actually come from cities with a high education however, and they are kidnapped by rural men and despoil their right. Those women having higher education in cities, but they cannot do what they want, just being housewife of their husbands. Having babies and doing housework are the only duties of women, so women in rural area often being despoil, they cannot have adequate education and find a job.

One Child Policy & patriarchal

Image_-_China_one_child_policy.jpgChina's one child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit communist China's population growth. One child policy indeed control the huge population growth of China, if the child turned out be a girl, they were allowed to have a second child. After the second child, they were not allowed to have any more children. However, the female baby often being abandoned by her parents because they prefer having a son rather than a daughter, who have bigger productivity. Although one child policy is not a directly affect the low job participation of women, it is a good example to show us a traditional value of Chinese society. Women’s duty is to stay at home and look after babies, not have a job. After the implement of one child policy, it totally strengthen the traditional value of patriarchal, thus, led the lower chance of women’s participate in employment.

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