China Statistics - Women Current Situation

Education and skills

Education in China has existed a problem of gender inequality. As China is a second largest country in the world by land, it has a serious problem on the gap between China's rural and urban education levels which is huge. Nowadays, China government has focus on rural area education level to eliminate the illiteracy rate within whole country.

Urban area
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In urban area in China, women enjoy the same rights and opportunities as men to receive education. Such rights and opportunities are clearly defined in China's Education Law, Compulsory Education Law and Vocational Education Law. Also, the state takes concrete measures and actions to ensure that girls receive nine-year compulsory education and that women have more opportunities to receive secondary and higher education. Here is a chart to show the female education level in urban city, as we can see that the ratio is nearly 1:1 which means that the gender inequality in urban city is not an issue. As people who live in urban city are more wealth than rural, parents may have enough ability to afford the school fees. Moreover, China is now having one child policy, which means citizen just have one child in their whole life, no matter their children is boy or girl , they have to send he/she to school, it may decrease the problem of gender inequality in urban area.

Rural area
new_china_education.png41.pngFor the rural area in China, the situation of gender inequality on education is serious. As people live at rural area may have 2-3 children and parents may give the first priority to the son rather than daughter. There are just 0.7 percent of the 2,732 rural respondents having university degrees or higher as opposed to 13.6 percent among the 3,253 urbanites polled. Recently, China government wants to eliminate illiteracy among women in rural area, curbing emergence of new women illiterates, and preventing women from becoming illiterates again. Also, it has created a project to solve this problem t” County-Level Administration Boosts China's Rural Education “, this project is aims to release the burden of Chinese farmers and fund for rural education to give opportunity for female to study. percentage points from 2000.Here is the news of County-Level Adminstration Boosts China's Rurual Educatioin.







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Todays, the illiteracy rate among young and middle-aged women across the country was is low and here is a chart to shows that the ratio is 0.94(female to male ratio)










Employment Situation and Job Opportunity

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In China, the situation of females in labor force participation is improving as more and more females can engage in the China market. The percentage of female’s labor force participation is increasing from 69% in 2006 to 74% in 2010. On the other hand, male’s labor force participation is around 85% in average between 2006 and 2010. In addition, there are 39% of female are the non-agricultural paid labor.


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The gender gap of being legislator, senior officials and managers is wider as only a few female able to engage in these jobs. In 2010, there are only 17% of female are the workers of these kinds of occupation compare with 83% of male. However, the ratio of female and male of being professional and technical workers is relatively similar. The number of female who are professional is increasing form 45% in 2006 to 52% in 2010 while the number of male is decreasing from 55% to 48%.

Analysis