Cuba Analysis




Relation between education and job


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Nowadays, Women in Cuba are become well educated and they can get involve in some professional career such as teacher, scientists, and managers. While women achieve higher education level, they can receive higher respect and higher social status. Moreover, government has done well on the aspect of increase people awareness of gender inequality. Here is the chart to show the indicator that labor force with tertiary education (female), female has increase significantly in labor force and it can prove that high education level made women involved more in workforce.


Although women in Cuba have involved more in labor force, however their wages is not equal to male. By the way, the wages gap between female and male are now improving. You can see the chart below:
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Government Policy



Cuba is a communist state and the government has control over its labor market and guaranteeing work for all citizens which make the unemployment rate is low (1.8%). Moreover, the government has set some special quotas for men on some degree courses like medicine and scientist to ensure female have enough quota and opportunity to study in specific/ professional area. As government has guaranteed the quality of the education which makes sure the material and content of those courses are relevant to their country jobs. The quality of education is essential for women to find jobs in the future because all jobs need basic knowledge and skills, if women can learn those skills at school, they can easily meet the jobs requirement.


Political Empowerment



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Cuba has an organization called Federation of Cuban Women with a clear goal to involve all women in Cuban affairs. After years of being excluded, the women of Cuba began to play an active role in the government. As the chart below has shown that women has involved more in political side, the ratio is around 4:6 and this federation required that schools and programs be built to provide multiple services to Cuban women. Moreover, female has increased power in political way and those female in government will focus on the women rights which may help Cuba women to fight for their basic needs such as education and jobs to increase their competitiveness.


Details of the Federation of Cuban Women



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To a large extent, the success in implementing the legislation relating to the rights of women has been achieved thanks
to the work of the Federation of Cuban Women. Eighty-five percent of Cuban women over the age of 14 (nearly four million people) are members of this NGO, which was founded in 1960 and which now has 73,710 local branches throughout the country. In its work to ensure equal rights and provision for women, The Federation’s activities cover a wide number of areas:

- It works collaboratively with all the ministries, the trades unions,professional, scientific and peasant organizations, provincial and local bodies and the Cuban Institute of Radio and Television. In this way, women’s rights are safeguarded and women are guaranteed the opportunity to integrate and contribute fully to the economic, political and social life of the country.

- At grass-roots level the FMC mounts campaigns relating to women’s issues, such as community health and education programs, civic rights campaigns and programs promoting equality in different aspects of the lives of women. Since the early days in 1969, when the Federation organized literacy campaigns in the rural areas, it has played a major role in challenging the traditional roles assigned to women in the workplace, in education, in local and national politics, socially and in the family.

- The Federation runs women’s training centers as well as a publishing house in order to promote among women an awareness of their right to participate in all areas of the life of the country.

- An important function of the FMC is to develop non-sexist attitudes among pupils in schools, all of which are mixed in Cuba, and to challenge the traditional stereotypes of women which still exist in Cuban society.

- Another aspect of the FMC’s work is to carry out research into different aspects of women’s lives in Cuba where problems are encountered with a view to finding solutions, such as the question of domestic violence.


Conclusion


By any standards, the position of women in Cuba ranks among the highest induces of equality of treatment and opportunities. However it is in the context of Latin America and the Caribbean that one becomes more aware of the remarkable achievements made in respect to women. In Cuba it has long been recognized that, in order to achieve the equality of rights and opportunities for particular groups within the population, it has been necessary to develop a culture of equality together with the appropriate infrastructure. The culture of equality promoted by socialism and the infrastructure created during the decades following the Revolution has certainly brought fundamental changes and improvements to the lives of Cuban women. However, the reality in Cuba still has a lots to improve in women right, here is a video to show the negative sides in Cuba.




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