Dominican Republic Analysis

Overall speaking, Dominican Republic is having a high degree of women education rate, but a relatively low degree of women employment rate, which means gender inequality occurring in employment aspect. Women are usually having difficulty in finding job; even they had a job, gender inequalities still occur in different aspects. Although the government tries hard to enhance women right by setting laws and regulation, gender inequality is still commonly happen due to the traditional culture and norms of local people.

Women are usually pressed by men at workplace, restricted not to do certain jobs, limited participation in legal and political decision making in Dominican society. Women are usually supposed to be a housewife who taking cares with children and doing housework only, but not a worker in the social labor force. Dominican Republic is more likely a male chauvinism place, with unbalance power between men and women which can be seen in different aspects.

Consolidating Peace: for a more secure region without violence against womenn(From 4:30, it points out that domestic violence decreases women freedom of movement, which let them fear and limited their activities)
One of the reasons is that domestic violence is a serious problem in Dominican Republic. The 2007 Demographic and Health Survey found that 30% of women had suffered from physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by their spouse or other working partners, and compare with 2002, it increased by 2%. Although the Dominican government promulgated legislation modifying the existing Penal Code to address the problem of domestic violence (the law became known as Law 24-97 on Intrafamily Violence) in January 1997, it cannot stop the cases as the new law against the long-historian "patriarchal culture" in Dominican Republic. Men in Dominican Republic is used to control the action and thought of women or even treat them by violence. This limited Dominican women’s action, and they may not able to participate in the social labor force.
Dominican Republic Demographic and Health Survey 2007

Apart from domestic violence, involuntary of HIV testing is another factor of low women unemployment problem. HIV is becoming more and more active in Dominican Republic, therefore many company require workers especially women to have a HIV testing. If they are tested positive, they will lose all the things including their family as their husband will think they are Infidelity. In fact, Dominican domestic legislation specifically prohibits HIV testing as a condition for obtaining or remaining in a job, but women are fear to have the test and lower their willingness for having a job.

Things will not go well if they are being employed, gender inequality still appear in workplace. A 2002 World Bank report stated that women earned only 76% of what men earned for equivalent work (63% in rural areas). Apart from the unequal distribution of wages, women in Dominican Republic were suffered from almost a double unemployment rate over men. According the news “Dominican Republic: U.S. Trade Pact Fails Pregnant Women” on April 21, 2004, pregnancy did shuts many Dominican women out of jobs, which is a common gender discrimination among workplace, which further enhance the difficulty of women joining in the social labor force.

The above factors of women inequality in the employment aspect are mainly because of the traditional thoughts and social norms. It becomes a habit among people in Dominican Republic, controlling women's action, having domestic violence towards women, restricting women in household activities etc. Although Dominican women are having high level of education, it is not easy for them involving in the social labor force. Therefore, disconnection appear, although laws were set up for protecting women, the government did not have enough power the change people’s mind and fail to enhance women right. This points out that the social norms is an important factor in gender equality, and affect people actions a lot.

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