Country Profile: Dominican Republic


Political History

Dominican Republic was a colonized country of Spain. After the Spanish arrived in 1492, the local people “Tainos” were nearly disappeared and started to began its hundreds years of Spanish colonized history until the 18 century. On February 27, 1844, Dominican Republic declared the independence. Nowadays Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation with beautiful scenery for tourism industry in Latin America. Being shared island of Hispaniola with Haiti, lots of conflicts occur. Meanwhile, the rapid economic growth in these years leads to different kinds of social problems.

Women situation

In nowadays Dominican Republic, gender inequality is a serious problem. Although Dominican law is trying hard to protect women,the laws that exist on paper do not translate to equality and justice. There are very high women unemployment rate in Dominican Republic, in 2007, the unemployment rate of women was 44.5% which is a double of male unemployment rate (21.2%). At the same time, there is a large amount of violent and rape cases in Dominican Republic. There are more than one-third of women have suffered physical violence at the hands of their husbands or other men and half of the victims received no help.

The main challenges that woman in Dominican Republic facing is:

l High unemployment rate especially among female.
l Frequent domestic violence, mainly from their husbands.
l Low security of personal safety result in a serious rape problem
l Activities limitations, especially in the rural areas, including poor access to healthcare, education and bank loans.
l Pregnancy among young girls. A 2004 United Nations report estimated that 29 per cent of girls between 15 and 19 years of age were married, divorced or widowed.