Ghana Statistics- Women Current Situation

Out of 134 countries, Ghana's ranking is raising from 80th in 2009 to 70th in 2010, according to the Global Gender Gap Report 2010. It means the problem of gender gap seems improving in Ghana. In this section, it will focus on Ghanaian women's situation on the both education attainment and job opportunity, and compare with the men.

Education Attainment

Note: Blue--Female; White--Male

In Ghana, the number of people, both female and male, who enrolled in education is substantially increasing from the year of 2006 to 2010. However, the higher level of education, the gender gap of female and male in receiving education will wider.
The ratio of female and male participate in primary and secondary education is no big difference. More and more women participated in primary level from 58% in 2006 to 77% in 2010 while the number of men from 58% to 76%. In secondary education, the percentage of female and male is increasing to 45% to 49% respectively in 2010. The range of the female-to-male ratio is around 0.92 to 1.01, which means the opportunity for women and men to receive education is basically the same.
However, the gender gap of female and male participate in tertiary education is relatively wide. In 2010, there is only 4% of female while 8% of male who have access to it. The female-to-male ration is up to 0.54.

Employment Situation and Job Opportunity

Note: Blue--Female; White--Male
In 2010, female adult's unemployment rate is 11% while male adult's unemployment rate is 10%. For the labor force participation, the gender gap is narrow, which means both female and male’s access to labor market are almost the same. There is 75% and 76% of female and male engage in labor force so the ratio is 0.99 in the year of 2010.

Note: Blue--Female; White--Male
However, the opportunity for female to engage in higher position, such as legislators, senior officials, and managers, is lesser than male obviously. The female-to-male ratio of engaging in these kinds of jobs is 0.47, there is 68% of male who participate in it while there is 32% of female only. On the other hand ,there are nearly 32% of women in non-agricultural paid job which implies lots of women in Ghana may engage in agriculture.