Country Profile: Ghana



ghana_pic.jpgGhana, officially Republic of Ghana, is a country located in West Coast of Africa. The capital, Accra, located in the south of Ghana. The nation’s economy is mainly dominated by agriculture, which has nearly 55% of working population. Ghana is a significant exporter of products such as gold, lumber and manganese. It is the world’s second largest producers and exporters of cocoa also.

Political history

In March 1957, Ghana became the first black African nation in the region to achieve independence from colonial power. In July 1960, republic of Ghana was established, and Kwame Nkrumah who was the nation's founding president. Ghana approved multiparty system since 1992, National Democratic Congress (NDC) and New Patriotic Party (NPP) are two of the powerful parties. According to the nation’s constitution, president is elected for a term of 4 years, and only allows two terms in office.

Women current situation

data_of_Ghana.JPGGender inequality is a problem in Ghana, and the social status of women is not high. Although there is legal framework to protect them, it seems ineffective. Most of the women in Ghana are still discriminated nowadays. From the problem of family code and physical integrity to the ownership right, women cannot be protected. Additionally, the health of women should be concerned. Maternal mortality rates in Ghana are estimated at 214 per 100,000 live births compared with 10 per 100,000 live births in developed countries. More than 90% of all AIDS cases are found in people between the ages of 15-49 and two-thirds of the cases are females because of their poor ability to protect themselves about the safe sex.
On the other hand, the situation about women’s access to education and job opportunity seems improving in recent years. With more Ghanaian females receive better education, they can participate more in the labor force.