Sierra Leone Statistics - Women Current Situation






Education



Gender inequality in Sierra Leone was severely concerned over years. Table 1 showed the overall literacy rate for Sierra Leone is 39%. The literacy rate for men is 49% whilst that for women is only 29%; it showed the literacy rate of men is much higher than women. Also, the illiterate rate of females was 70%, while male was 50%, which reflected the gender inequality of education. According to Table 32 (NERs and Gers of primary, JSS and SSS Levels), their education level divided in 6 levels, but all these 6 levels also reflected male was dominated rather than female. Higher education (Prim Ger, JS Ger and SSS Ger) reflected this problem severely.As table 1 and figure 1 showed how differences of gender inequality in Sierra Leone, male were certainly dominated the education, whether women only gained half opportunities of education.

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In fact, gender inequality of education in Sierra Leone was still a big problem although the literacy rates in 1985, 1995 and 2000 were slightly increased in both male and female. In 1985 to 2000, the literacy rate of overall citizens was gradually increased, but the overall gender inequality was not improved which means the gap between male and female in education was big. (See Table 2 below)
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Employment


The situation of Employment in Sierra Leone reflected high gender inequality. According to figure 2 (unemployment rate by age), the unemployment rate of male was 4.4, however, female was only 2.3, which means female in Sierra Leone was facing an unemployment problem rather than male. Companies or different sectors in Sierra Leone would prefer use male to be their labor instead of female. Figure 2 also showed the younger age of labor would gain more job opportunities than older age, however, the younger female was still suffered from unemployment than younger male.
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According to table 3(Refined Activity Rates By Sex), the RAR in males was nearly 74%, whether the RAR of females only gained 63%. It reflected the large amount of labour force in male was significantly higher than the amount of labour force of women. Certainly, we find the employment situation in Sierra Leone also neglect the inclusion of women, as the majority of labour force was men not women, so leading to a kind of gender inequality.



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Women in politics


logo.jpgMany countries share the same meaning of restricting women to participate in politics, as Sierra Leone is one of these countries. Over years, women in Sierra Leone didn’t have the chance to take part in politics, contribute to the society. However, the situation was gradually changed in these years, women were started to have a chance fighting against the tradition. The 50/50 group has been set up for helping more women in politics, encouraging and empowering women through training. Since the group set up four years ago, there are some achievements include the following:
a) Training over 3000 women in leadership. Increased number of women 165 stood for election with 18 being elected in 2002 General election. These elections also recorded the country’s first-ever woman presidential and two vice-presidential candidates.
b) Training over 1000 women in leadership, 58 women were elected.
c) Training of a network of 60 trainers based across Sierra Leone



yeah.pngSierra Leone has been improving the situation of gender inequality in politics, giving more opportunities to women to own their politics. As we can see the news of IRIN, published on 8th August in 2001, showed the successful case of women in politics. Mrs. Marie Jalloh now is one of the members of parliament in Sierra Leone, so her case proved the government tried putting more effort on resist the gender inequality.

























Resource: http://buzinessafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=154:sierra-leone-womens-role-changing-steadily&catid=14:women&Itemid=17&lang=fr

Analysis